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Mathematics and Physics

Mathematics and Physics

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THE PRINCIPLES OF LOGIC, Aikins, Herbert Austin
1 Aikins, Herbert Austin THE PRINCIPLES OF LOGIC
New York Henry Holt and Company 1905 Second Edition Hardcover Very Good 8vo 
499 pages; Text block is clean and tight, ink doodlings on endpapers. OCLC: 1090734; Experience the pleasure of reading and appreciating this actual printed item. It has its own physical history that imbues it with a character lacking in ephemeral electronic renderings. 
Price: 24.94 USD
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A THEORETICAL AND PRACTICAL ARITHMETIC ... Enlarged, and adapted to the use of Young Traders, Bankers, &c. by F. Payrard, Bezout, Etienne
2 Bezout, Etienne A THEORETICAL AND PRACTICAL ARITHMETIC ... Enlarged, and adapted to the use of Young Traders, Bankers, &c. by F. Payrard
New York Samuel S. Wood 1825 First American Edition Hardcover Very Good- 8vo 
236 pages; Translated from the French, improved and adapted to the currency of the United States by Noble Heath. Quarter black leather over grey-green boards. Old pencil notes on endpapers, former owner's names, light rubbing. Mathematician Etienne Bezout (1739-1783) spent many years as a teacher and examiner of young naval officers; his published works include practical handbooks on the elementary mechanics and mathematics necessary for ballistics or navigation as well as more theoretical works of pure algebra and the theory of equations. This work was adapted by Peyrard for the use of stock traders & brokers. It presents the fundamentals of arithmetic with occasional examples relevant to investing. ; Experience the pleasure of reading and appreciating this actual printed item. It has its own physical history that imbues it with a character lacking in ephemeral electronic renderings. 
Price: 74.94 USD
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ON THE CALCULATION OF THE CORRELATION between a Single Element of a Composite and the Remainder of the Composite, Conrad, Herbert S
3 Conrad, Herbert S ON THE CALCULATION OF THE CORRELATION between a Single Element of a Composite and the Remainder of the Composite
Journal of Educational Psychology 1935 First Edition Pamphlet Very Good 8vo 
5 pages; Clean and secure in original self wrappers.; Experience the pleasure of reading and appreciating this actual printed item. It has its own physical history that imbues it with a character lacking in ephemeral electronic renderings. 
Price: 4.94 USD
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LE CALCUL ANALOGIQUE PAR COURANTS CONTINUS, Danloux-Dumesnils, M
4 Danloux-Dumesnils, M LE CALCUL ANALOGIQUE PAR COURANTS CONTINUS
Paris Dunod 1958 First Edition Hardcover Near Fine in Very Good dust jacket Octavo 
An interesting publication on early French computers and electronic computations. Le Computeur Djinn, Le Computeur OME-P2, La Computeur OME-L2, Calculating Machines, etc. Contents, Chapitres : Avant-propos, Table, xiv, Texte, 257 pages - Le calcul mécanique (Méthodes - Calcul électrique analogique) - Principes du computage électrique (Opérateurs élémentaires - Circuit de calcul) - Organes et précision du computeur (L'amplificateur - La tension fonctionnelle - Les éléments passifs - L'instrument de mesure et d'enregistrement) - Résolution des systèmes algébriques linéaires - Systèmes différentiels linéaires - Le langage opérationnel et les opérateurs composés - Le calcul non linéaire - Computeurs et calculateurs spéciaux - Domaine et pratique du calcul analogique - Annexes, bibliographie et index; Experience the pleasure of reading and appreciating this actual printed item. It has its own physical history that imbues it with a character lacking in ephemeral electronic renderings. 
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An Introduction to the Theory of Groups of Finite Order, Hilton, Harold ;  [in 1939 changed to Harold Simpson]
5 Hilton, Harold ; [in 1939 changed to Harold Simpson] An Introduction to the Theory of Groups of Finite Order
Oxford Clarendon Press 1908 First Edition; First Printing Hardcover Very Good+ 8vo 
xii, 236 pages; Publisher's brown cloth lettered in gilt on spine. First edition of a significant contribution to number theory and group theory by the noted English mathematician & crystallographer Harold Hilton -- (born in Ickham, Kent, England, 22 October 1876; died: Oxford, England, 4 April 1974). From 1895 to 1898, Hilton studied at Oxford; eventually he was awarded his D.Sc in 1913. In 1902, Hilton became assistant lecturer in mathematics at the University of Bangor, in North Wales. In 1907, he accepted a position as assistant professor of mathematics at Bedford College, London. Finally, in 1912, Hilton became professor of mathematics at the University of London where he remained the rest of his career. In 1939, he changed his last name to Simpson. He published a previous work of lasting significance in 1903 concerning the mathematics of crystals -- [Mathematical Crystallography And The Theory Of Groups Of Movements -- The Clarendon Press, 1903]. In this work, the author derived the 32 point groups and the 230 space groups, which are found in mathematical modeling of crystals. Hilton [Simpson] came to see crystals as a specific case of a more general theory of groups, hence this 1908 work. Among other freatures, the so-called "Normal subgroup" is first defined in English in this work of Hilton's -- ["Similarly, if every element of G transforms a subgroup H into itself, H is called a normal, self-conjugate, or invariant subgroup of G (or 'a subgroup normal in G')."] A classic and important contibution to number theory (with an intriguing final section -- "Appendix. Problems awaiting solution: p. 233). There is a fine biographical article in the form of an obituary of the long-lived author written by Lilian G. Button, ["Harold Simpson (Formerly Hilton)," Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society, 8 (1976), no. 1, p. 91-98]. See also, Poggendorff: 5, p. 540-1, 6, p. 1123 & 7b, Teil 4, p. 2015. OCLC Number: 3225675. First edition of a scarce book, in excellent condition, with the ownership rubber stamp on the front free endpaper of Robert M. Snow, the noted scientist with MIT Research and NASA. 
Price: 29.94 USD
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Sammlung von Beispielen, Formeln und Aufgaben aus der Buchstabenrechnung und Algebra Drittes verbesserte und vermehrte Ausgabe, Hirsch, Meier
6 Hirsch, Meier Sammlung von Beispielen, Formeln und Aufgaben aus der Buchstabenrechnung und Algebra Drittes verbesserte und vermehrte Ausgabe
Berlin Duncker und Humblot 1816 Third Edition Hardcover Very Good 8vo 
iv, 324 pages; Contemporary marbled paper-covered boards, green paper label on spine. Moderate rubbing and wear to the binding, text tight and complete, with light scattered flecks of foxing scattered. This algebra textbook was first published in Berlin by Froehlich in 1804, and this was followed by a second edition in 1811 (Berlin: Braunes). This third edition from 1816 is described in OCLC Number: 257545932 (9 locations, none in the USA). Pages 321-4 are publisher's ads for other mathematical texts; this may explain why the OCLC collation states VIII & 320 pp. The author, Meier Hirsch, also wrote texts on Integrals and Geometry. Text in German; printed in Fraktur. 
Price: 49.94 USD
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STUDIES IN DEDUCTIVE LOGIC, Jevons, W. Stanley
7 Jevons, W. Stanley STUDIES IN DEDUCTIVE LOGIC
London Macmillan 1880 First Edition; First Printing Hardcover Very Good 8vo 
xxviii, 304, (4), 33, (3) pages; Former owner's name neatly on halftitle and on recto (blank back) of frontispiece (A.S. Nash), otherwise clean and tigjt in original brick cloth binding with gilt lettering at spine, minor rubbing at extremities. Quite scarce, especially in this condition. Frontispiece of Ancient Logical Diagrams; publisher's catalogues (36pp) at rear dated December, 1879. First edition, first issue of this seminal work on logic. Quite scarce, especially in this condition. William Stanley Jevons was a noted logician, economist and statistician. Jevons' earlier books General Mathematical Theory of Political Economy (1862) and The Theory of Political Economy (1871) have been described as the beginning of applying mathematical method in economics. Jevons pursued his work in logic simultaneously with his work in political economy. In 1864 he published a small book Pure Logic; or, the Logic of Quality apart from Quantity, incorporating a critique of Boole's system of logic. In 1870 his Elementary Lessons on Logic appeared and became a widely used elementary textbook on logic. The more advanced work offerred here - Studies in Deductive Logic - was published in 1880 and consists mainly of exercises and problems for the use of students. ; Experience the pleasure of reading and appreciating this actual printed item. It has its own physical history that imbues it with a character lacking in ephemeral electronic renderings. 
Price: 174.94 USD
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THE PRINCIPLES OF SCIENCE - A Treatise on Logic and Scientific Method Two Volume Set, Jevons, W. Stanley
8 Jevons, W. Stanley THE PRINCIPLES OF SCIENCE - A Treatise on Logic and Scientific Method Two Volume Set
London Macmillan and Co, New York 1874 First Edition; First Printing Hardcover Very Good 8vo 
First Edition of this classic work on Logic and Scientific Method. Two octavo volumes in original brick cloth bindings with gilt lettering at spines. xvi, 463, (1); vii, (1), 480 pp. Engraved frontispiece illustration of The Logical Machine in Volume 1. Clean and tight with some light foxing to verso of endpapers, cloth rubbed at lower corners and spine ends, short tear to cloth at lower spine of Volume 2. Pages of Volume 2 unopened. Quite scarce in this First Edition, especially in the original cloth bindings. William Stanley Jevons was a noted logician, economist and statistician. Jevons' earlier books General Mathematical Theory of Political Economy (1862) and The Theory of Political Economy (1871) have been described as the beginning of applying mathematical method in economics. Jevons pursued his work in logic simultaneously with his work in political economy. In 1864 he published a small book Pure Logic; or, the Logic of Quality apart from Quantity, incorporating a critique of Boole's system of logic. In 1870 his Elementary Lessons on Logic appeared and became a widely used elementary textbook on logic. In 1874 Jevons published his most important work on logic and scientific method -- the work offerred here Principles of Science: A Treatise on Logic and Scientific Method. In addition to honing the material from his previous work on pure logic and the substitution of similars; in Principles of Science Jevons posits the idea that induction is an inverse application of deduction. His examination of the general theory of probability and the relationship between probability and induction is clear and illuminating. The entire work is enhanced by concrete scientific illustrations drawn from his broad knowledge of the various natural sciences. Jevons treatise was a very important contribution to the development of logic in the nineteenth century. 
Price: 1749.94 USD
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Allen dreyen Haupt-Ständen nöthige Rechen-Stunden, Pescheck, Christian
9 Pescheck, Christian Allen dreyen Haupt-Ständen nöthige Rechen-Stunden
Zittau Verlegts Joh. Jacob Schöpss 1730 Second Edition Hardcover Very Good- Small 8vo 
568 pages; Contemporary pattern-printed paper-covered boards, portions of a paper spine label titled in ink MS survive, edges stained red. Engraved frontispiece, title page in red and black. Collation: [-]8 A-Z8 Aa-Mm8 Nn4. Frontispiece, 7 p.l., 568 pp. Second edition, [Andere Auflage] of one of the three great mathematical texts by Christian Pescheck (1676 in Hradec Kralove - 1744 in Zittau ) -- a mathematics teacher, astronomer and writer. He was one of the greatest human calculators of his time, and an influential teacher of mathematical sciences at the high school in Zittau from 1704 until his death. He also wrote about astronomy, geology and the art of poetry and published works in German, Latin and Czech. He is mainly remembered for his three extensive texts in mathematical calculations and reckoning, of which this is the second edition of the first of the three. The useful German wikipedia entry makes note of the excessively long titles of his works, in the manner of their time. For the record, the full title of the present work is: M. Christian Peschecks, Gymnas. Zitt. & Praecept. Mathes. Allen dreyen Haupt-Ständen Nöthige Rechen-Stunden : Darinnen Sowohl die gedoppelte Regel Detri, nemlich Regula quinque directa und indirecta vel conversa, als auch Zinß- oder Interesse- Rabatt- Zeit- oder Termin- Licitation oder Subhastation- Thara- Fusti- Gewinn- und Verlust- Stich- oder Baratt- Gesellschaft- Erbtheil- Factorey- Caßir- Reduction- Gemeine- und Haupt- Wechsel- Alligation- Cöci- und Falsi-Rechnung, auf das deutlichste und einfältigste erkläret sind ; Wobey zugleich Ein deutlicher Unterricht von Pari und dem Cours derer vornehmsten Wechsel-Plätze, ingleichen eine aus- und inländische, als auch biblische curiöse Müntz- Maaß- und Gewicht-Vergleichung beygefüget. [The other two major works were: "Allgemeine deutsche rechenstunden, oder 1. theil" and "Italienische rechenstuden, oder 2. theil"]. David Smith [in Rara Arithmetica, 502] states the following: "In the field of elementary education, Germany produced a number of important writers, but few whose names can be rated as international. Among the most industrious of the group was Christian Pescheck, who wrote a large number of textbooks and was one of the first of the German writers to consider seriously the methods of teaching the subject." Although much of his city, Zittau (on the eastern edge of Germany, where Poland and the Czech Republic come together), was destroyed in the Seven Years' War, Pescheck's Gymnasium survives today. A decent, and complete copy, with the interesting engraved frontispiece (which depicts a small globe, with the continents identified, including America). Various signatures and writing on the blank recto of the frontispiece, including a date of MDCCLVI. With an inscription in Latin on the front paste-down: "pro memoria gratia / Carl Ludwig Christian / Weber a Schlitz." Beneath this is an impression from a signet ring in red wax. Scribbing and a few ink notes on a few early leaves (along with a faint ink smudge). None affects the legibility of the text, which is complete. OCLC has two accession numbers for this 1730 edition; each with just a single copy located: [OCLC: 312316835 - UNIVERSITAT LEIPZIG, UNIVERSITATSBIBLIO; and OCLC: 179969327 - HOCHSCHUL- UND LANDESBIBLIOTHEK FULDA]. 
Price: 349.94 USD
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A HISTORY OF MATHEMATICS from Antiquity to the Beginning of the Nineteenth Century with the scarce dustjacket, Scott, Joseph Frederick
10 Scott, Joseph Frederick A HISTORY OF MATHEMATICS from Antiquity to the Beginning of the Nineteenth Century with the scarce dustjacket
London Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 1958 0850660076 / 9780850660074 First Edition; First Printing Hardcover Near Fine in Near Fine dust jacket 4to 
xiv, 266 pages; Light offsetting to endpapers, otherwise a Fine copy in the scarce original dust wrapper; Experience the pleasure of reading and appreciating this actual printed item. It has its own physical history that imbues it with a character lacking in ephemeral electronic renderings. 
Price: 54.94 USD
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Die Axialität der Lichtemission und Atomstruktur Mit 11 Tafeln und 47 Figuren, Stark, Dr.Johannes ; [1874-1957]
11 Stark, Dr.Johannes ; [1874-1957] Die Axialität der Lichtemission und Atomstruktur Mit 11 Tafeln und 47 Figuren
Berlin Polytechnische Buchhandlung A.Seydel 1927 First Edition; First Printing Softcover Very Good 8vo 
xii, 124 & 11 ff. plates pages; Publisher's yellow printed wrappers. Very slight toning to the wrappers, particularly along the spine. In 1919, Johannes Stark won the Nobel Prize in Physics for his "discovery of the Doppler effect in canal rays and the splitting of spectral lines in electric fields." This splitting of spectral lines in electric fields is known today as the Stark effect. There is an early connection between Stark and the winner of the Nobel prize in Physics for two years after his award -- Albert Einstein. Stark, relatively well established in 1907, as founder and editor of the 'Jahrbuch der Radioaktivität und Elektronik,' asked Albert Einstein to write a review article on the principle of relativity. The result was an important paper in Einstein's development -- ["Ueber das Relativitatprinzip und die aus demselb gezogenen Folgerungen". Jahrbuch der Radioaktivität und Elektronik IV: 41, 1907]. While thinking about this article, Einstein began a line of reasoning which would eventually lead to his generalized theory of relativity. While it must be admitted that there is fine and important work in Stark's career up until he became absorbed in politics, there is a sad irony in the role he played in the genesis and furthering of Einstein's progress towards a general theory of relativity. Stark and his fellow Nobel lauriate Philipp Lenard launched a dark period in German physics through their co-leadership of the so-called "Deutsche Physik" movement. They wanted to proclaim and foster a "pure" German physics, as opposed to the "Jewish physics" of Albert Einstein and Werner Heisenberg. Irony, of course, is always happy to ignore certain fussy details; Heisenberg was not Jewish. But, after Werner Heisenberg defended Albert Einstein's theory of relativity Stark wrote an angry article in the SS newspaper 'Das Schwarze Korps,' calling Heisenberg a "White Jew". Stark wrote a 1934 book 'Nationalsozialismus und Wissenschaft' in which he insisted that the priority of the scientist was to serve the nation. Stark held that the proper limits to fields of research were those that could help German industry, particularly arms production; He attacked theoretical physics as "Jewish." While observers and historians have debated the reluctance and foot-dragging of Werner Heisenberg in these efforts, Stark's case is less nuanced. In 1947, the denazification court of the victorious Allies classified Johannes Stark as a "Major Offender" and the aged Physicist received a sentence of four years imprisonment. Stark's official Nobel biography does not mention his political writings and opinions, but does mention the work reported in the book offered here --"During the last years of his life Stark, in his private laboratory on his country estate Eppenstatt near Traunstein in Upper Bavaria, investigated the effect of light deflection in an unhomogeneous electric field." 
Price: 34.94 USD
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